I’ve always enjoyed Theory of Knowledge because it allows me to explore such abstract concepts that we might not be able to in other subjects. Over the past year, I feel like it has made me grow in terms of my mentality, intellect and open-mindedness. This is why I was happy to do the TOK presentation.

For my final TOK Presentation I posed the question of “To what extent can anything be measured?”. I thought this was a worthwhile question to explore because it is quite broad so I can incorporate my thoughts and ideas into the presentation while also imposing some factual knowledge and logic to support it.

I enjoyed doing the TOK presentation because I was able to formulate an argument and counter that argument thus allows me to explore both sides and be more informed. This has also taught me that exploring both sides will give me a more informed opinion since it makes me realise that there are no wrong answers as long as it is justifiable. As a person, I have always been open to light debate because I understand that I can’t always be right and that if I believe in something, I must be able to argue for that belief and approach my arguments with logic. This also makes for good conversation.

In preparing my TOK presentation, I was able to think critically for myself and I think this will help me largely in any work I may pursue in the future such as in my TOK essay. In a way, my TOK presentation has created a new network of thinking not only within the confines of my knowledge question, but the same approach to anything that might be open to debate.

Mentee Adventures #2

As we reach the end of the school year, it’s time to look back on my achievements in CAS and what better way to do it than with my CAS mentor, Ms. Davidsen. On  Wednesday the 14th of June, I showed Ms. Davidsen my CAS achievements and got her up to speed on my projects. Here’s a little check-in on all of the aspects of CAS.


Selcouth Creatures: I have been constantly improving my photography skills with small workshops on  some weekends with professional photographers. My shoots have been becoming more experimental because I wanted to do things more abstractly. In July, I will be going on a National Geographic Photography Expedition so that will improve my technical skills and getting input from experts.

Jukebox: After a hectic half term of exams and presentations an what not, the Jukebox team and I haven’t yet released a new issue however we are working on it and have brainstormed the theme for our next issue. Due to the recent departure of one Mr. Thomas Gleeson, the Jukebox mentor, everything has been even more frantic but we are getting through this together and hope to make progress with it next school year.


Tennis: For the 2nd stage of our fitness cycle in PE, we have moved on to group sports. I chose Tennis for this however, because we took a break for exams, I have only played it 3 times so it is still a fairly new skill for me. I will have to see how I can develop my Tennis skills in the future (next school year)

Nike Fitness: After 5 months of Nike Fitness, I have lost weight. This is also due to a healthier diet and activities outside of school.  I enjoyed Nike Fitness and it combined cardio with strength training and it was a good kickstarter to a healthier lifestyle since it was not too vigorous but still pushed my abilities. I feel like I have increased my stamina with Nike Fitness however Tennis will allow me to think quickly on the spot and make my speed increase under pressure.

Yoga: I have been practicing yoga weekly since March it is easy for me to practice it even when I am travelling. I am glad to be able to do this as it will give me a routine to follow during the holidays as I am putting many of my projects on hold for the summer. My instructor has recently taken on floating yoga and intends to teach me it in the future once I have gotten a better grasp of the basic elements of yoga.


Tiny School Movement: A recent visit to our newly constructed Tiny School has made me aware of all the achievements I have made this year. Our engineers have constructed the skeleton of the school, we had quite a delay this year because of administration problems with our partners SOS but all is well now and we have cleared the pathway for next school year.

Baking: We haven’t baked for a month as the Sekolah Bisa kids are on a break for the summer.  As we found it difficult to meet up every weekend, my teammates and I decided to divide the weeks between the 3 of us. At my most recent attempt at baking cookies, I could see major improvements in the shape and texture of it because I have learnt by doing.

Extended Essay: 2nd Formal Meeting

It’s been 5 months since we began the Extended Essay and I have not finished my research. I understand that this is less than ideal due to my busy schedule as an IB student. I have been putting priority to my other responsibilities while the EE sat quietly in the back of my mind. I have to say that I’m not quite pleased with my progress on the Extended Essay as I have only gotten 600 words. The research process has been quite difficult as I have the lack of resources and equipment to perform Primary research. As a solution to this, since I very well cannot build a theatre for my experiment. I will find a software that can imitate the distribution of sound in a building in which I can also manipulate the materials and the shape of the building.

I have written down my introduction along the lines of the Extended Essay rubric and shown the scope of my topic and some background insight. My introduction alone took 400 words of the 4000 we are supposed to do. I have set a structure for my research and shown where everything should go, including the information I obtained on my trip to Los Angeles in April to have a look at the Walt Disney Concert Hall and the Hollywood Bowl. I have not yet finished summarising the information I obtained and only have written 200 words on my findings. I will have to work vigorously on my Extended Essay during these next few months.

After showing Mr. Bunce my progress with the introduction and the rough outlines of my Extended Essay, you can imagine that he was less than satisfied. We have created a plan so that I have finished 2000 more words by the end of the summer break. I realise that I have to be stricter with myself and organise my time better so that all my responsibilities are balanced.


When I have a conversation with someone, I need the conversation to have some depth and to be able to have a light debate with the person without them getting upset. It is because of these reasons that I enjoy TOK so much. While I’ve heard many complaints about how TOK is such an abstract subject, I think that there needs to be some sort of abstraction to our school days.

For my TOK presentation with my partner, Kyungmin Kim, I suggested that the topic relate to how each generation behaves differently and take into account the historical context of the generations. My partner, taking my idea into account, showed me a talk by George Carlin about how language has softened through the generations and been, to quote Carlin “completely buried under jargon” and thus we found a topic for our TOK presentation.

The question we explored for our TOK presentation was “How do we decide if something is offensive?”. I found this question quite interesting because it opened a whole new train of thought for the both of us to explore and share with the class (which I guess is what TOK is supposed to do). We used the areas of knowing “Natural Sciences” and “History” although what I realised during forming the content of the presentation is that all of the AOK’s and WOK’s are linked together even by the vaguest of connections. We explored why, as the generations grow, do the younger generations get more offended by certain things thus creating the need for politically correct language.

I’d be kidding myself if I didn’t say I was nervous before the presentation but I’m quite happy with the way it turned out. Even though our knowledge question was leaning slightly toward the broad side, which meant we weren’t able to share all of our ideas within the 10 minute time frame, I enjoyed our topic. I’m not saying that our TOK presentation was absolutely flawless, in fact it was from it, it lacked a lot of critical theory that I think should have been added however, what we did well was include all the essential links to the AOK and the real life situation. From this practice presentation I can gather that I need to genuinely like the topic I am doing for my actual TOK presentation for it to turn out well.

An extract of George Carlin’s speech

Another Term of CAS

Year 12 has gone by in a whirl! I’ve just started IB only I haven’t, it’s nearly April! It’s been a fan(CAS)tic term! *ba dum tss* My tiny school is built, I’ve designed a magazine and now I know how to do yoga. CAS has been, at least so far, an awesome experience that I wouldn’t trade for anything else.


I’ve learned to incorporate my interests to benefit my creativity projects. Because I’m planning on going to design school, these projects will benefit me in the long run. 

SELCOUTH CREATURES: This project has been a pride of mine since the beginning of IB. After coming back from New York refreshed and feeling ready to take on the world, I started this photoblog in hopes of working with abstract poses and styles. I now have learned how hard it is to organise a model and a makeup artist and am brought back down to reality. But I shall not let that stump me! (LO4) Throughout this school year, I’ve shot 5 people and am currently in the midst of planning another one that I have tailored more to my style (LO3) To ensure that I improve my photography skills, I always have a critique session and send some selected photos to my photography teacher in New York and my father, who also is passionate in photography. (LO1) I’m really excited about the prospect of this project. We’ve had a growing number of likes on Instagram and I hope it will continue to grow.

JUKEBOX: This is the title of our school magazine, of which I am the creative director. Although I came into this magazine club without any skills in any designing software, but I’ve learned a lot of skills in photoshop which I can use for my benefit when I go to design school. One problem that I’ve encountered with this magazine is the dysfunction of the Jukebox group. Although sometimes being dysfunctional is quite refreshing, there comes a point where it stops being funny. But fear not! For I know that some people will be difficult to work with and I shall not falter but come through (LO5) 


YOGA: Since I last checked in, I’ve started to take Yoga classes by having a private lessons at home. I’ve taken yoga irregularly in the past so this is a fairly new skill for me. (LO2) I started this school year with 0 flexibility but now that I take Yoga once a week, I have about 20 flexibility.

NIKE FITNESS: I have never been, nor (I think) will I ever be, the worlds most athletic person but Nike Fitness has helped me get into shape. I realised that measuring my heart rate by beats per minute was not reliable because there are a number of other factors that affect my heart rate such as caffeine intake (I’ve been drinking a lot of coffee since IB started) but I lost about 6 kilograms since then because of this. This might not be a lot to some people but it took me a lot of work. It’s taken a while to get into shape so I am happy that this came through (LO4)


TINY SCHOOL MOVEMENT: As you know, I am on the team that is working to build this ‘school in a box’. I started this project with such an energy at the prospect of having built a school at the age of 16 but it’s come to be so much bigger than that! After a visit to the SOS children’s village, to which we are donating several schools, and interacting with the kids there, I understand how important this school is to them. It is so much more than just a couple of high school kids projects (LO6) While we may only be helping a couple of local kids get their education, it is a big deal for the kids in this third world country and may even help shape the future leaders by opening their eyes to a whole new world.  This project has had many obstacles on its path and we are still in the midst of hurdling one. While the school has already been built, there are some issues with the land permit and we have yet to donate a school. It’s been a tough 2 terms for this project but the permit is said to come through in 2 weeks so I’m keeping my fingers crossed! (LO4)

JUKEBOX:  Jukebox is probably the project that I’ve put the most effort in. I believe that the magazine has the power to influence many children in our school and help them grow as an individual. With our slogan being “What do you want to hear?” we are making the voices that would have normally been overlooked, heard. (LO7) All the articles published by the magazine were written by students and I feel so lucky to be a part of this project because I too have had (and still have) trouble voicing my opinions so I believe in the power of the underdog because there are so many interesting people in this world yet we only ever get to know about a couple hundred who dare to get attention. (Which is not even to say that they’re opinions are really very educated) This goes by my belief that some of the quietest people have got the brightest minds. The editors of the magazine have had a very critical eye on my designs, this has actually helped me improved my design skills and notice minor details. (LO1) This has been helped my photoshop skills improve and find a way to fix their critiques when I wasn’t familiar with photoshop so it pushed me to explore the technicalities.

BAKING: My friends have always enjoyed cooking and it had never shared so when this opportunity came up to gain a new skill (LO2) and have a shared interest with my friends, I jumped at it. Adopting this project from a year 13, who had done all the baking himself all of last year, I learned how to be organised because we had to work with other people as opposed to the year 13. We started out with 6 people, which meant we could alternate between groups of 3, but now we have to bake every week as well as organise times when we were all free (LO3 & LO5) 

Very first photoshoot for Selcouth Creatures
My favourite page from Jukebox’s First Edition
Pastries made for the Sekolah Bisa Rugby Team

Extended Essay: Setting the Scene

In my Design Technology class, all we’ve really explored was product design. Naturally, when choosing a topic for my Extended Essay, I chose Design Technology so as to explore the different areas of design and to further my knowledge of the field. I sat myself down to think about which area of design to explore. After thinking through my EE proposal and reading some articles to spark some ideas, I came up with the question “How important is a theatre’s architecture to optimise sound travel?”. I would later change this question many-a-time with my Design Technology supervisor, Mr. Bunce. 

Coming into my first EE meeting, I knew that this would be crucial in setting the scene for the rest of my writing process. I firstly introduced my supervisor to my topic and showed him the article by the New York Times that sparked my interest in the topic to show that I was engaging with the topic. He then helped me by giving me some ideas of where I would find information although I already had some ideas of my own. After telling me that he liked my idea, I began to have more confidence in my topic that I didn’t have before.

After my first meeting with Mr. Bunce, I had a much clearer perspective on my Extended Essay. I have formulated a research plan and plan to finish the steps of that research plan by the end of April as that is the deadline I was set. This would also give me time to visit some theatres and auditoriums in the United States over the Spring break because Jakarta has quite limited resources in that field. 

We’ve not yet drafted a final research question however I was assured that this would be adjusted at a later date after I’ve gathered some research and investigated the topic more. Coming out of my meeting, I am quite excited to begin this long process of writing my Extended Essay!

CAS Reflection #2

As a part of the ‘Creativity’ aspect of CAS, I started a blog called “Selcouth Creatures”  where I feature my photography. Photography is a hobby I recently got into so I am still not very skilled at it thus I would like to take it farther. I always judge my photographs after a session thus I am identifying what I need to improve.  With this blog, I am achieving Learning Objective 1 and 2: I identify my strengths, I identify areas for growth and I undertake challenges, I develop new skills.


Instagram: selcouth.creatures

#shutterbug #lifethroughalens #selcouthcreatures





Ancient Athens circa 508 B.C. : The origins of the democratic system.

Ancient Athens circa 508 B.C. : The beginning of this whole tyrannic act.

When all of the worlds countries are democracies they go to war.  The rhetoric of war is something to which politicians (who essentially rule the country) and dictators (who actually control the country) regularly fall back upon. These rulers scare the country’s population into believing that other countries (which may or may not be other democracies) will pounce on them at any given moment. The only solution: FIGHT! Our so-called democratic government controls what we think by censorship and propaganda but we’re more enlightened than that right?

Imagine a democracy without people of intellect. Where people vote for a leader as a joke. This is what is happening in the USA right now. People are protesting for Hillary yet statistics show that a third of these protestors did not so much as take time out to vote against Trump. Is this really what the ‘land of the free and home of the brave’ should look like? A soggy, orange cheeto as their elected leader?

In a Ted Talk led by a fellow IB student of mine, she outlined Plato’s anti-democratic ideology. He once said “One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.” to a sense I believe that what Plato says is true. After all, he is one of the greatest philosophers in all of history. Democracy grants the people far too much freedom, it often leads to chaos and, in reference to Plato’s ship metaphor, shipwreck. A ship’s crew is in no place to elect a captain because what do they know of being a captain? This is the same way a president elected, they’re not elected based on their qualifications, they’re elected on how able they are to persuade a crowd.

Based on Plato’s ideologies, we can connect these situations to the Area’s of knowing: History and Human Sciences and the Ways of knowing: emotion.

The reason Nathania’s talk is related to History is because past democracies have failed, there have been recordings of these failures, yet people still insist that a democracy is the best way to rule a country. History was made just this year when Britain voted to leave the EU and Trump was elected the President of the United States.  A lot of voters who voted ‘leave’ are said to regret their decision. What does this say for letting the people ‘have a voice’?  Are a bunch of sheep really capable of making the best decisions for a country? Their decisions can shift politics, not only in their country, but the whole world. Human Sciences are also linked to this talk. People are unpredictable, sometimes for the better, sometimes for the worse. If you study a person for the longest time, it will never be possible to predict what they will do next. This is why there is no way to predict an election accurately. When I first heard one Mr. Donald Trump was running for president, I scoffed but here he is, only a matter of time before he is inaugurated.

Believe it or not, emotion plays a large role in something as mundane as politics. Most people who vote know nothing about politics. They just know which of the politicians sounds better to them, which one is better at using fallacies to convince them. It’s all just a giant lie in the end isn’t it. Politicians are masters at appealing to audiences emotions. With your emotions on their side, they can make you do almost anything they want HOWEVER, this is where your intuition comes into play. We don’t just sit there passively and eat whatever it is they are feeding to us. They’re getting better at the art of deceiving us but so are we.

This TedxYouth talk was very eye opening. It opened a whole new plane of thoughts in my mind. I now know that sometimes what we think is best might not be, we should always be open to exploring new ideas that stray from our current ideologies.


xo, adventure is out there

I’m a manatee (No I got that wrong, I meant mentee)

CAS is, hands down, one of the most stressful but fun parts of the IB curriculum. To be talking about what I have achieved for 20 minutes was a piece of cake! Especially if it was with someone who was going to giving me advice and guidance to make sure I don’t completely mess up.

My assigned CAS mentor is Ms. Davidsen. I have never talked to her before as I have never taken an activity or been in her class so I was quite nervouse beforehand but she was very friendly during the interview and really helped me get a clear idea of what I want to achieve with CAS because it is one of the fundamental aspects of the IB curriculum.



I’m a right brained person, it wasn’t a surprise to me when, by this time in my IB career, I’ve already started 2 creativity projects (These are ongoing really) and finished 1. As I’ve written in my last blog post, I ran the schools annual haunted house with my peers and had a blast doing it. I don’t have any problem working with people so long as they’re not too difficult to get along with. With the haunted house, I’ve achieved LO5.

As for my other creative projects, I’ve started a photoblog a few months back, it’s only got 104 followers so far but hey, we’re just starting out. Photography is a skill I really would like to develop for the future. I figured that I’d kill two birds with one stone if I took it up as a part of my CAS. This also means that I am achieving LO1, LO3, LO4 and LO5. I put a lot of time into these photos, organizing the models and make-up are hardwork. I talked with Ms. Davidsen about the process I go through for each photo shoot, and I think that just talking about it made the angle I was aiming for with this project more coherent.


This would probably turn out to be my weakest aspect of CAS. As I’ve discussed with Ms. Davidsen, I think my biggest challenge of ‘Activity’ would be organizing myself especially after coming home from a long day of school and not having regularly exercized before.

I’ve taken up dancing and Nike fitness for my activities. I’ve set a goal for Nike to have a lower resting heart rate than my usual 68 bpm. A lower resting heart rate would mean that I am getting fitter because, according to my research, lower resting heart rates mean a more efficient heart. For now, I’ve set my goal to 64 bpm. Ms. Davidsen had given me the advice to be ‘persistent with myself’ if I want to reach my goal. Although, I will struggle I will just have to push through to meet my goal.

I have no trouble being persistent with myself with Dance classes because I enjoy it very much. I told Ms. Davidsen that I find it easier to achieve my dance goal than my other goal because it is on a fixed weekly schedule. She agreed with me on this and I was glad to find that she sympathized with me because she said that she also found it hard to exercize by herself.  As I was talking to her about these projects, I realized that I need more of them in order to achieve the learning objectives because so far, with these projects, I have only achieved LO1, LO2 and LO4.


This is the one that I could go on for hours about. I was very pleased with myself that I had talked very clearly about what I want to achieve and what the biggest problem I had to overcome was. I was a bit anxious about what I was going to say beforehand but Ms. Davidsen was very patient with me. I have currently taken on 3 ongoing service projects, 2 of which could double as a creativity project. I was really proud of myself for taking on these projects. These projects helpp me achieve LO6 and LO7.

The first project I had taken part in was the Tiny School Movement. This project creates a so called “school in a box” which can be shipped easily to anywhere around the world and put together. I enjoy working for this project because I have smart teammates whose skills complement one another thus we make a good team. I told Ms. Davidsen that I had a hard time in the past organizing our schedules accordingly because of everyone’s hectic IB schedules.

Another project I have undertaken is baking for sekolah bisa kids. This is a good project because it complements the Tiny School movement since it does not take up too much of my time and I have a good time doing it. This also helps me achieve LO2 because I have not done baking regularly in the past. I felt anxious telling Ms. Davidsen this because I feared that she would be upset that I am trying something new just to feed to the Sekolah Bisa kids.

The last project I recently got into was design and photography for the school Magazine, Jukebox. I have not talked about Jukebox yet with Ms. Davidsen because during that time I had not gotten into it yet but I will set up a meeting with her in the future to discuss this. I have an important job in this stage of the magazine because we are halting on the content of the magazine since we want to redesign it and change its so called “vibe”.


All in all, this interview gave me a better sense of direction for my CAS projects. Talking about them aloud helped me very much because I surprised my self with some of the things I said. I came to the CAS interview feeling a bit unsure at the beginning because I didn’t know what I wanted to say but as soon as I started talking, I couldn’t stop. This CAS interview helped me realize that I say  I am going to do a lot of things without actually setting a deadline for it thus always postponing it.

I’ve set myself a goal to join another Activity project before Christmas break. I look forward to see the future opportunities I will have for CAS and am excited for the outcome of my current ongoing projects. I’ve gotten to work and interact with so many different people that I wouldn’t have had it not been for CAS. I can only imagine what the real world would be like. So many different personalities.

xo, au revoir